TPO 第15套口语 Question 4 重新选题
One objective of any experiment is, of course, to obtain accurate results. Sometimes, however, problems occur that lead to inaccurate results. One such problem is the experimenter effect. The experimenter effect occurs when a researcher’s expectations affect the outcome of the experiment. The researcher expects a particular result from the experiment, and expectation causes the researcher to act in ways that influence the behavior of the experiment participants, thereby invalidating the result of the experiment.
Explain how the example from the professor's lecture illustrates the experiment effect.
(1)Briefly state the main idea of the reading passage.
(2)Concentrating on the lecture given by the professor. When orally summarizing the lecture, test takers are supposed to include the main points and some key examples as well.
(1)experiments are made to achieve some accurate results but something may render the result inaccurate. One such factor is experiment effect.
(2)experiment effect happens when an experimenter who wants some specific results will influence the behavior of the experiment participants. Therefore, the results get inaccurate.
(1)a researcher was given 2 groups of monkeys to be trained to perform some action.The researcher said that one group of monkeys were highly intelligent. But the truth is there is no difference between them.
(2)the researcher assumed that it would take him less time to train the smarter group of monkeys.The result is that it did take him less time.And the reason is that the researcher smiled to that supposedly smarter group of monkeys and talked to them a lot.
(1) In this set of materials, the reading passage is (the title of the reading passage) and the listening material is a lecture by a professor on the same topic. 当然，如果你觉得你的听力材料的理解率很高也不用谈及阅读材料中的内容。只是第一段说起来实在太easy了。
(2) In the reading passage, the university made an announcement that...本段可以省略，但是前提是你对于听力材料理解率很高，不会时间未到却无话可说了。
(3) In the lecture, the professor...不但要包括主要的观点而且最重要的是要包括教授举出的例子。