TPO 第5套 综合写作题目重新选题
As early as the twelfth century A.D., the settlements of Chaco Canyon in New Mexico in the American Southwest were notable for their "great houses," massive stone buildings that contain hundreds of rooms and often stand three or four stories high. Archaeologists have been trying to determine how the buildings were used. While there is still no universally agreed upon explanation, there are three competing theories.
One theory holds that the Chaco structures were purely residential, with each housing hundreds of people. Supporters of this theory have interpreted Chaco great houses as earlier versions of the architecture seen in more recent Southwest societies. In particular, the Chaco houses appear strikingly similar to the large, well-known "apartment buildings" at Taos, New Mexico, in which many people have been living for centuries.
A second theory contends that the Chaco structures were used to store food supplies. One of the main crops of the Chaco people was grain maize, which could be stored for long periods of time without spoiling and could serve as a long-lasting supply of food. The supplies of maize had to be stored somewhere, and the size of the great houses would make them very suitable for the purpose.
A third theory proposes that houses were used as ceremonial centers. Close to one house, called Pueblo Alto, archaeologists identified an enormous mound formed by a pile of old material. Excavations of the mound revealed deposits containing a surprisingly large number of broken pots. This finding has been interpreted as evidence that people gathered at Pueblo Alto for special ceremonies. At the ceremonies, they ate festive meals and then discarded the pots in which the meals had been prepared or served. Such ceremonies have been documented for other Native American cultures.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they support/contradict specific points made in the reading passage.
Main point: There are three competing theories trying to determine how “great houses” were used.
Subpoint 1: The Chaco structures were purely residential, with each housing hundreds of people.
Subpoint 2: The Chaco structures were used to store food supplies.
Subpoint 3: Houses were used as ceremonial centers.
Point1: The inside of the great houses casts serious doubt on the idea that many people lived there.
Point2: Excavations of the great houses have not uncovered many traces of maize ormaize containers.
Point3: It contains lots of other materials besides broken pots, stuff you wouldn’t expect from ceremonies.